Differences Between Brazil And Mexico

Last Updated on January 19, 2023 by Ricky Martin

Many differences between Brazil and Mexico; the two countries are located on different continents, and they have distinct climates, languages, cultures, cuisines, and religions. Additionally, Brazil is a much larger country than Mexico in terms of both size and population.

Are you curious about the differences between Brazil and Mexico? Are you planning a trip to either of these countries and want to know more about them? If so, then this blog post is for you! We’ll cover the key differences between Brazil and Mexico—from culture, language, and customs to climate, geography, and cuisine. Read on to learn more!

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Differences Between Brazil And Mexico – The Comparision Table

1.Diverse Cultures and Ethnicities.Stable Political System with a Democratic Government.
2.Rich Natural Resources.Low Cost of Living and Labor Costs.
3.Abundant Wildlife and Nature.Large Population with a Young Workforce.
4.High Income Inequality.High Poverty Rate.
5.Abundant Wildlife and Nature.Dynamic Industrialization and Manufacturing Sector.
6.High Crime Rate.Overexploitation of Natural Resources.
7.Growing Industrial Base.Largest Economy in Latin America.

Overview of Brazil and Mexico

Brazil and Mexico are two countries located in Latin America. Although they share many similarities, there are also several differences between them. Brazil is the fifth-largest country in the world and is the largest country in South America. It covers an area of 8,515,767 km2 and it’s populated by 210 million people.

Mexico, on the other hand, is the 14th largest country in the world and the 11th most populous. It covers 1,972,550 km2 and has a population of 129 million inhabitants. Both countries have a varied geography that includes mountains, plains, jungles and deserts. Brazil has a tropical climate while Mexico is mostly temperate or subtropical. In terms of religion, Catholic Christianity is the predominant religion in both countries.

Brazil has a federal republic form of government while Mexico has a presidential system. In terms of economy, Brazil has a growing economy and is a major player in international trade while Mexico’s economy is largely based on its oil exports. Both countries have developed education systems but there are disparities in access to education between rural and urban areas.

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Additionally, both countries have public healthcare systems but access to healthcare is still limited for many people. Finally, both countries have impressive infrastructure that includes roads, ports and airports.

13 Factors – Differences Between Brazil And Mexico

1. Geography

When it comes to geography, Brazil and Mexico have some similarities, but also some distinct differences. Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world by both land area and population size, while Mexico is the 14th largest country in the world by land area, and 11th largest by population size. Brazil’s topography varies widely, with flat plains in the north and mountains and highlands in the south.

Mexico, on the other hand, is mostly dominated by mountains in the west, low coastal plains to the east and south, and central highlands. The climate of Brazil is mostly tropical, while Mexico has a varied climate ranging from temperate in the north to tropical in the south. These differences in geography have resulted in distinct cultures and ways of life for both countries.

2. Climate

Brazil and Mexico both have hot and humid climates, with the majority of the population living in tropical climates. However, there are some differences between the two countries when it comes to climate. Brazil has a tropical climate that is generally warm throughout the year, while Mexico has a subtropical climate that can vary significantly depending on the region.

The average temperature in Brazil is around 25 degrees Celsius (77 degrees Fahrenheit), while the average temperature in Mexico is around 21 degrees Celsius (70 degrees Fahrenheit). Additionally, Mexico has a more diverse climate, with deserts in the north, temperate forests in the centre, and tropical forests and jungles in the south.

Population Size and Density
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Brazil also has diverse climates, but the majority of the country is warm and humid. Both countries have rainy seasons during certain times of the year, but they differ in their timing. In Brazil, the rainy season typically lasts from November to March, while in Mexico it typically lasts from May to October.

3. Population Size and Density

When it comes to population size and density, Brazil and Mexico have significant differences. Brazil is the fifth most populous country in the world with a population of more than 212 million people, while Mexico is ranked 11th with a population of almost 130 million.

In terms of population density, Brazil has a much lower population density than Mexico, with 25 people per square kilometre compared to Mexico’s 64 people per square kilometre. This is due to the fact that Brazil has a much larger land mass and its population is more spread out.

Languages Spoken
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4. Languages Spoken

Brazil has a rich linguistic landscape with Portuguese being the official language. The Brazilian Portuguese spoken in Brazil is quite different from the Portuguese spoken in Portugal. In addition to Portuguese, there are around 180 indigenous languages spoken by different ethnic groups, of which around 60 are considered to be viable and to have an active speaker population.

Mexico has Spanish as its official language and is the most widely spoken language in the country. Additionally, there are many native languages that are still spoken by smaller communities, such as Nahuatl, Maya, Mixteco and Zapoteco among others.

5. Religion

Religion is an important part of both Brazil and Mexico. In Brazil, Catholicism is the main religion, with around 64% of the population identifying as Catholic. The other religions present in Brazil are Protestantism (22%), Spiritism (3%), and other religions (11%). In Mexico, Catholicism is also the main religion, but with a higher percentage than in Brazil, at 82.7%. Other religions present in Mexico are Protestantism (6.2%), other religions (4.7%), and no religion (4.4%).

Political Structure
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6. Political Structure

Brazil and Mexico have different political structures. Brazil is a federal state, with power divided between a central government and the individual federative units, while Mexico is a unitary state with centralized power. The federal government in Brazil is composed of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, while Mexico’s government is composed of executive and legislative branches.

Both countries have a president as their head of state, but Brazil has a bicameral legislature while Mexico has a unicameral legislature. Mexico also has an independent judicial system while Brazil has an integrated judicial system. In terms of international organizations, both countries are members of the United Nations, the Organization of American States, and the G20.

Economy Comparison
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7. Economy Comparison

When comparing the economies of Brazil and Mexico, it is important to note their distinct differences. Brazil is the largest economy in Latin America, with a gross domestic product (GDP) of over $1.87 trillion. Mexico has a smaller economy, with a GDP of around $1.19 trillion. Brazil is one of the world’s largest exporters of commodities, such as soybeans and coffee, while Mexico focuses on exporting manufactured goods.

Brazil has recently seen an increase in its middle class and is considered a developing nation. Mexico, on the other hand, has been seen as a developing nation for some time but has recently become more industrialized, with an increasing focus on technology and research. Both countries have implemented fiscal policies to help improve their economies and reduce poverty.

Education Systems Comparison
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8. Education Systems Comparison

When it comes to education, Brazil and Mexico have several similarities but also some key differences. Both countries have a strong focus on literacy and education, but the Brazilian government has invested more heavily in education than Mexico. In 2019, Brazil spent 7.2% of its GDP on education, while Mexico spent only 4.8%. As a result, Brazil has higher literacy rates than Mexico. In 2018, 97.9% of the population over 15 years old was literate in Brazil compared to 94.1% in Mexico.

The Brazilian educational system is divided into three levels: basic, secondary and higher education. Brazil has a special program called ‘Universidade Aberta do Brazil that provides free access to higher education for those who cannot afford to pay for it.

In contrast, the Mexican educational system is divided into four levels: preschool, primary, secondary and higher education. Mexico has also implemented several student loan programs to help make higher education more accessible for its citizens.

Healthcare Systems Comparison
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Overall, there are several differences between the educational systems of Brazil and Mexico that should be taken into consideration when comparing these two countries. Both countries have made strides to improve their educational systems in recent years but Brazil still has an advantage over Mexico in terms of spending, literacy rates and access to higher education.

9. Healthcare Systems Comparison

The healthcare systems of Brazil and Mexico differ in terms of access, quality, and cost. In Brazil, the public health system is universal and provides free healthcare to all citizens. Mexico also has a universal healthcare system, but it is funded by a mix of public and private sources. In terms of quality, healthcare in Brazil has been steadily improving over the years, while Mexico has seen less progress.

In terms of cost, Brazil has higher costs for medical care and prescription drugs than Mexico. Furthermore, the average cost of a hospital visit in Brazil is more expensive than that in Mexico. This can be attributed to the fact that Brazil has a higher population density than Mexico, resulting in higher demand for healthcare services.

In terms of access, both countries have made strides towards providing affordable and accessible healthcare to their respective populations. However, there are still disparities between regions in both countries when it comes to access to medical care.

Infrastructure Comparison  
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10. Infrastructure Comparison  

The infrastructure of Brazil and Mexico can be quite different when compared. Brazil has a more developed infrastructure, with its highways, airports and ports being more organized and efficient than Mexico. Its public transportation is also more advanced, with buses, subways and trains being widely available.

In comparison, Mexico’s infrastructure is not as well-developed and is often seen as outdated or in need of improvement. Its public transportation is not as modern as Brazil’s and there are fewer highways and airports that are usable. Additionally, many roads in Mexico are in bad condition compared to those in Brazil. The infrastructure of both countries will require further investment to improve the quality of life for their citizens.

Cultural Differences  
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11. Cultural Differences  

The cultures of Brazil and Mexico differ significantly. Brazil is a melting pot of various ethnicities, including Portuguese, African, and Indigenous peoples. This has resulted in a unique culture with heavy influences from all three backgrounds. Mexico, on the other hand, has a much more homogeneous population, and its culture is more heavily influenced by indigenous traditions and Spanish colonization.

Each country has its own distinct language, with Brazilian Portuguese and Mexican Spanish being the predominant ones. Religion is also divided differently in the two countries, with Brazil having a majority Catholic population while Mexico has a majority Protestant population.

Additionally, Mexico’s cuisine is heavily influenced by its indigenous heritage and is characterized by complex flavours and ingredients. Brazil’s cuisine is also unique but is much more similar to that of Portugal.

12. Natural Resources Difference  

Natural Resources Difference  
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Natural resources are a major factor in the comparison between Brazil and Mexico. Brazil is one of the world’s leading producers of iron ore and is also well known for its production of coffee, soybeans, orange juice, timber, and beef. Mexico is also an important producer of many agricultural products such as maize, beans, coffee, tomatoes, avocados and bananas.

It is also a major producer of oil and natural gas. Both countries have significant deposits of minerals such as gold, silver, copper, zinc and lead. Brazil has abundant water resources, with more than 2 million rivers and streams, while Mexico has relatively little water supply.

13. Tourism Attractions Difference    

When it comes to tourism, Mexico and Brazil differ significantly. Mexico is known for its beautiful beaches, historic ruins, and vibrant culture. Popular tourist attractions in Mexico include the ancient city of Chichen Itza, the colonial city of San Miguel de Allende, and the beaches of Cancun and Tulum. Brazil also has some wonderful tourist attractions such as Iguazu Falls and the Amazon Rainforest.

Other popular attractions in Brazil are the beaches of Copacabana and Ipanema, the bustling city of Rio de Janeiro, and the colonial city of Salvador. While both countries offer a variety of interesting attractions to visit, they each have their own unique culture and atmosphere that make them special.

Tourism Attractions Difference    
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The differences between Brazil and Mexico are vast and varied. From their geography, climate and population size to their languages, religions, political structures and economic and educational systems, these two countries have much to offer in terms of diversity and culture.

They also have vastly different natural resources and tourist attractions which serve to further distinguish them from one another. All of these differences make for a fascinating comparison between the two countries and provide insight into the unique cultures that make up each respective region.

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